Wax melts are so fun and easy to make so if you're considering making your own wax melts, our beginner's tutorial will talk you through the process and options available as well as show you how to make your own Winter Fae scented wax melts in moulds.
Getting comfortable with the process and understanding the basics are key when you're still at the beginning stages of making your own melts, so our post today will share this information with you so that once you are feeling confident, you can move on to more advanced techniques.
Our tutorial for Winter Fae-scented wax melts using Golden Wax 494 soy wax and Craftovator's Winter Fae fragrance oil will allow you to get started but keep in mind, the tutorial really is completely customisable, allowing you to put your own spin on this project. We'll be sharing the choices that we made to make it easier for you to replicate this project in its entirety just to be sure you feel totally confident about the process involved.
What is a wax melt?
As we discussed in our blog post, How to Make Wax Melts in Clamshells, wax melts are scented pieces of wax that release their fragrance when liquified with heat. They can be used in wax melters with a 4 hour unscented tealight or with an electric wax warmer. Wax melts don't evaporate like a wicked candle would and so you can repeatedly melt a wax melt over and over until the fragrance completely disappears.
What kind of wax should I use for wax melts in silicone moulds?
While there are many different kinds of waxes available, you'll want to look out for either waxes that are specifically formulated for wax melts or wax that is formulated for pillar candles (rather than container candles). This will ensure the wax is harder in form and contains shrinking properties which mean it will be easier to remove them from your silicone mould.
For our Winter Fae wax melt tutorial below, we chose Golden Wax 494 which is a soy wax made for making wax melts.
Which fragrances are best suited for wax melts?
With over 500 professional grade fragrance oils available, choosing your fragrance is really just down to personal preference so have fun looking through all the scent families and descriptions to find what appeals to you most.
We do recommend starting with a usage percentage of between 5-10%, meaning that no more than 5-10% of the total weight of your finished product should be made up of fragrance oil.
How much fragrance oil should I use in my wax melts?
Because each oil's strength varies, some fragrances will perform better at a lower percentage and others will benefit from using at a higher percentage. In fact, depending on your wax, the highest percentages don't always give you the strongest fragrance throw! As a result, we advise you test your wax melts at different fragrance loads so that you can find the percentage that performs best for the fragrance oil you’ve chosen. You'll also want to check that your chosen wax can hold the fragrance oil percentage you wish to use so have a look at the recommended fragrance loads and go from there. Some will work with slightly higher percentages and others with slightly lower.
How do I figure out fragrance load for my wax melts?
In our wax melt tutorial, we’ve chosen to use Winter Fae fragrance oil and we'll be using an 8% fragrance load. We’re not worrying about a set amount of wax melts made in this beginners tutorial.
We know we want to use 8% fragrance load meaning that 8% of the overall mixture will be fragrance oils and the rest will be wax.
If we use 200g of wax and 16g fragrance oil, we will end up with a total mixture of 216g (200g x 0.08 = 16g). With this amount you can simply just fill your mould(s) freely. As a guide on the moulds we’re using, each heart holds around 10g and the bars each hold around 25g.
Top tip: You always want to measure your fragrance oils in weight, not by millilitres. Why? Because millilitres is a volume measurement and not a weight measurement. Oils will often vary in their viscosity (meaning some will be lighter and some heavier) so even at the same volume, you will find they will be different weights. To account for this and to make it easier, every ingredient including your wax should use the same unit of measure - in this case, grams.
Which Dye/Colouring is Best to Use for Wax Melts?
There are various dyes out there specifically designed for use in wax which come in the form of liquid dye or dye chips. You can also use mica powder to add sparkle effects to your wax or to provide a lighter colouring to your melts.
For our Winter Fae scented wax melt tutorial, we’ve opted to use liquid dye. Our liquid dyes are highly concentrated so a little really does go a long way. They require minimal effort, simply give the bottle a little shake before using and add the desired drops to your molten wax.
How quickly can I use my wax melts after making them?
Every wax will need some time to 'cure' which is a set amount of time you want to leave your wax melts to allow the fragrance molecules to bind with the wax molecules. This curing time will provide your best scent throw once they are placed in your melter. While some waxes like paraffin only need around 48 hours, other waxes like soy may need around 1-2 weeks. It's important to know the recommended cure time of the wax you're using as this will ensure the best performance of your wax melt and a stronger scent when you're enjoying it.
The soy wax we've chosen has a recommended cure time of one week and while it takes a bit of patience, we know the end result is definitely worth the wait!
How to Make Winter Fae Scented Wax Melts in Moulds
Why not try our tutorial to give wax melts in moulds a try? Our simple tutorial is perfect for beginners.
Difficulty Level: Beginner
Makes: Approximately 20 x 10g melts
Equipment You'll Need
- Silicone mould(s)
- Digital weighing scales
- Stainless steel or glass pouring jug
- Milk or digital thermometer
- Metal spoon
- Melting pot
- Kitchen roll to protect your work surface
- Nitrile gloves (or similar protective gloves) and an apron
- We’d also highly recommend the use of a chemical mask
Top tip: Before starting, make sure your work surface is covered and you’re wearing the correct PPE as stated in the materials needed above. This is to avoid skin/respiratory irritation from the fragrance oil and to protect your clothes from any splashes.
Step 1 Weigh Your Wax
Place the melting pot on your scales and turn on. Make sure the scales are set to weigh in grams. Weigh out 200g of wax.
Step 2 Melt Your Wax
Half fill your pan with cold water and place on your cooker/stove top. Sit the melting pot on top of the pan. Turn the hob/ring on and set to a medium - low heat. This is called the double-boiling method.
The water in your pan should be no more than halfway up your melting pots bowl.
When the wax starts to melt, place the thermometer in the wax to check the temperature. Once the wax has fully melted and reaches 80 degrees Celsius, take the pan off the heat and turn the hob off.
We'd recommend removing your thermometer in the melting pot whilst the wax is melting as it will get hot from the steam. Keep adding the thermometer to the wax at melting intervals to check it's not getting too hot.
Step 3 Add the Colour
Transfer the molten wax to your pouring jug. We’d recommend shaking the bottle of liquid dye for 30 seconds prior to adding it to the wax to ensure its mixed thoroughly and then add the colour to the wax immediately.
Stir the liquid dye into the wax until fully mixed – around 15 seconds. We used 3 drops to achieve the beautiful pink shade shown.
Remember, the colour of the liquid dye will appear much darker in the molten wax. You can check the colour it will be once set by dropping a small amount onto some white kitchen roll or the underside of a white bowl/plate. If this isn’t the colour you’d like, simply add a few more drops, stir and repeat the colour check process until you’ve achieved the desired shade.
Be sure to add your thermometer to your jug to keep an eye on the temperature of the wax as it cools down.
Step 4 Add Your Fragrance
Wait until your wax cools to 70–75 degrees Celsius. Place the jug on your scales and turn on.
Add 16g of Winter Fae fragrance oil and stir continuously for around 90 seconds to ensure the fragrance oil is thoroughly mixed into the wax.
Once stirred, allow the wax to cool until it reaches around 60–70 degrees Celsius.
Step 5 Pour the Wax Into the Moulds
Once the wax has reached around 60-70 degrees Celsius, you can start to slowly fill your moulds. Be careful not to overfill them!
Step 6 Leave to Set
Allow the wax to set fully before removing from the moulds – usually around 2-3 hours. You'll want to then leave your creations for at least 1 week in a sealed plastic container before you can enjoy them!
You may notice as the wax sets that there’s a white coating. This is called frosting and is simply the wax trying to revert back to its natural state. Its perfectly normal for soy wax to frost and it won’t in any way affect the performance of your creations.
We hope you enjoyed this tutorial and learned how easy it is to make your own scented wax melts in moulds. Excited about trying it yourself? Why not have a look at our fragrance oil multipacks which contain a selection of five 10ml bottles of our most popular fragrance oils?
If you're considering making wax melts in clamshells, our blog post will help!